Home > Information > press release > TOP-GEAR Project Aiming to Realize Genome TreatmentGenetic Testing Lab Established within National Cancer Center HospitalIntroduction of Comprehensive Genetic Testing to Select Patient Treatments
TOP-GEAR Project Aiming to Realize Genome TreatmentGenetic Testing Lab Established within National Cancer Center HospitalIntroduction of Comprehensive Genetic Testing to Select Patient Treatments
November 13, 2015
National Cancer Center
BackgroundCurrently, genetic testing conducted for routine treatment involves testing the effectiveness and side effects for specific drugs by studying specific genes (a process known as “companion diagnosis”). This process typically requires around two weeks to study a single gene. By comparison, comprehensive genetic testing enables multiple genes to be studied simultaneously. To date, this approach has been used in basic research and clinical research. There are numerous problems in introducing this testing for routine treatment, however, such as ensuring the reliability of testing, as well as ethical issues of handling gene information. These issues have resulted in delays in introducing this testing for routine treatment, even internationally.
Overview of the Comprehensive Genetic Testing LabThe new comprehensive genetic testing lab, located within the National Cancer Center Hospital’s Clinical Laboratories Division (which has obtained certification under the ISO*1 15189 international quality standards) has been established jointly with Sysmex Corporation (HQ: Kobe, Japan; Chairman and CEO: Hisashi Ietsugu), which possesses genetic analysis and other leading-edge measurement technologies and instruments. The lab will also be operated in collaboration with RIKEN GENESIS Co., Ltd. (HQ: Tokyo, Japan; President & CEO: Yusuke Tsukahara), which is Japan’s first registered CLIA*2 lab, ensuring the quality of genetic analysis satisfies international standards. In conducting actual comprehensive genetic testing, for analysis we expect to use the NCC Oncopanel, a testing kit developed by the National Cancer Center Research Institute (Director: Hitoshi Nakagama), which allows around 100 genetic mutations to be studied simultaneously over a period of approximately two weeks.
Through quality certification according to international standards, we anticipate the realization of appropriate cancer treatments based on a greater amount of genetic information.
Overview of the TOP-GEAR ProjectThe TOP-GEAR (Trial of Onco-Panel for Gene-profiling to Estimate both Adverse events and Response by cancer treatment) Project involves studying gene abnormalities related to individual patients’ clinical results and side effects. The National Cancer Center Hospital launched this comprehensive genetic testing project in 2013 in the aim of reflecting these results in treatment.
In the first phase of the project (TOPICS-1 testing), a comprehensive genetic testing system targeting 131 patients was configured and verified to confirm its utility in selecting treatments for individual patients.The center then organized a specialized team (expert panel) of medical oncologists, clinical genetics specialists, molecular biologists, bioinformatics specialists, pathologists and bioethics specialists, which met to determine the clinical significance of the abnormalities by looking at genetic analysis and treatment information, and created a system to reflect gene abnormalities in treatment.While this phase confirmed the usefulness of introducing comprehensive genetic testing into actual clinical practice, it also led to the realization that quality assurance of testing was essential in order to reflect diagnostic results into patient treatment selection.
In the current second phase of the project (TOPICS-2 testing), we will guarantee the quality of clinical testing of genetic analysis results by establishing a genetic testing laboratory within the hospital according to international standards. Using the expert panel and other systems created for the first phase, TOPICS-1, we will consider the use of comprehensive genetic testing in routine treatment.For the foreseeable future, subject patients will include patients being treated at the National Cancer Center Hospital and Hospital East, with their attending physicians determining the utility of comprehensive genetic testing in treatment selection and asking the patients to participate in clinical research. Subject patients will include those who have already completed standard anti-cancer treatment, patients expected to complete treatment, orphan cancer patients and young patients in the AYA generation (15–39 years). We aim to test around 200 cases per year, providing personalized medicine based on individual patients’ genetic information, with the objective of creating a diagnostic system to realize genome treatment.
- *1 ISO
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a body providing certification according to international standards in industrial fields outside the fields of electronics.
- *2 U.S. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA)
A CLIA lab is certified as conducting testing with quality assurance in accordance with the U.S. Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act standards. CLIA labs are required to undergo periodic inspections to ensure quality maintenance. Being registered as a CLIA lab certifies quality control for genetic testing.
Press releaseGenetic Testing Lab Established within NCC Hospital (PDF) （PDF：352KB）
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National Cancer Center
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